Bootstrap provides powerful designing features for developers in order to effectively complete their projects in minimal time frames, providing a convenient way to use readymade webpage designs and themes, that are easy to run and accessible on vast cross-browser code environment.
With its remarkably elegant user experience, you can build interactive webpages and forms in no time with all the modern features.
Even if you are just getting started with Bootstrap you’ll most likely be fascinated by the rich, powerful features of bootstrap in implementing your day to day frontend web development tasks.
CodeLobster IDE by default supports the bootstrap framework and provides many built-in plugins and tools for easy incorporation of Bootstrap into your projects.
In this tutorial, we’ll go through all the steps required to build a page using bootstrap in the CodeLobster IDE.
Let’s have a detailed look on how to set up and work with bootstrap in Codelobster IDE.
Installing Bootstrap with CodeLobster IDE
Bootstrap not only brings convenience for the beginners but it also provides endless opportunities to the professionals for further enhancement of their work efficiency.
Following section gives an overview of integrating bootstrap into CodeLobster PHP IDE for conveniently initiating and maintaining projects:
- In IDE, go to the main menu drop-down and select Project >> “Create Project” and create a regular project.
- Run the bootstrap installation wizard. Go to “Plugin menu” >> “Bootstrap” >> Download Framework.
After selecting the folder for the workspace of the project press the “FINISH” button. The IDE will automatically download all the required framework file and setup the working environment for you.
This tutorial will utilize an empty HTML5 template, for building up the basis for all the subsequent advance projects from scratch.
- Start with creating an HTML page “index.html”. The Framework wizard will connect several additional file with our page for bootstrap functionality
- Bootstrap.min.css – contains all the necessary CSS styles
- Jquery.min.js – this library contains the JS-scripts.
Add the following code to the “index.html” file
In the end, “index.html” should contain the following code:
<meta http-equiv=”X-UA-Compatible” content=”IE=edge”>
<meta name=”viewport” content=”width=device-width, initial-scale=1″>
<title>Using Bootstrap in CodeLobster IDE</title>
<link rel=”stylesheet” href=”bootstrap-4.2.1-dist/css/bootstrap.min.css”>
<body style=”padding: 20px;”>
CSS classes in Bootstrap
Classes in bootstraps provide strong structural functionality to the framework. The selector naming system is very controlling in usage and every aspect of the display of element is taken into account.
Classes provide a convenient method for arranging elements on the page. It also provides a feature of design adaptation for dealing with resolution compatibility issues on different devices such as phone tabs and desktops. All the necessary features, from background coloring to rounding corners or adding borders and text everything is handled through classes.
CodeLobster IDE perfectly understands the code syntax of the Bootstrap framework, and offer complete autocomplete option for all the possible available classes.
For quick hint on classes, start typing and IDE will provide autocomplete options by pressing (Ctrl+ Space) to initiate autocomplete and select desired class from the drop-down.
In the following window and line has been turned into a button and two classes are implemented at the same time. The “btn” class describes common flairs for all buttons, and such classes as, for example, “btn-primary”, “btn-success”, “btn-danger” and others, describe colors.
Contextual dynamic help option is also available in the IDE that updates you about the usage and functionality of different classes so you do not forget the purpose of different classes in different implementations.
IDE automatically selects a link to the relevant document when you are working in some code.
You can check the dynamic help option by going to the “Dynamic Help” tab on the right panel, in this particular case clink on the link that will take you to the comprehensive description of “btn-primary” class.
Even if the main functionalities of the Bootstrap framework are implemented in CSS, it is represented by a set of jQuery plug-ins and they serve the accessory purpose.
All the modern browsers of the date use productive CSS engines at maximum, so the bootstrap framework works very elegantly without overloading the page.
For instance, let’s create a collapsible element, you can easily do it by including the class “collapse” and the unique attribute “id” to the block tag, as follows:
<div class=”collapse show” id=”collapsible”>
<div class=”card card-body”>
Content of collapsible element.
“Show” class is also added to the div block in order to display elements in expanded form by default.
To control the vicinity of the block, a button will be added, as follows:
<a class=”btn btn-primary” data-toggle=”collapse” href=”#collapsible” role=”button”>
Afterward, we add our data attributes. Add a “data-toggle” attribute to the button with the “collapse” value and to specify the ID of target tag use “href”.
$(‘#collapsible’).collapse(‘show’); //Expand item
$(‘#collapsible’).collapse(‘hide’); //Hide item
$(‘#collapsible’).collapse(‘toggle’); //Change element visibility to opposite
To process the button press in our document, just type in the editor:
As demonstrated, all tasks are solved using five lines of code. Including this snippet to code, makes the button to change its color with each click. It will always be red when the “#collapsible” element is in the closed state.
Framework customization suiting your needs
Some developers feel like Bootstrap makes all the sites look similar. However, such issues arise only when the developers are only familiar with HTML and CSS. Bootstrap provides users with the means to adjust according to their needs. Not only does it assist in performing the task at hand, it enhances the functionality for executing the current project.
You have the option to either create your own style or redefine one of theirs. You just need the working code on your pages and Bootstrap’s real source code would cite with the extension “scss” in the files.
The source is available at the official website. And even though SASS technology is not required for routine operations, it is mandatory for better control.
SASS serves as a brilliant pre-processor for the SCSS files. Its syntax resembles JS and CSS, whereas operation feels like a template engine.
If you wish to customize the style, simply select a variable and assign it a value. The variable can be utilized later to create custom styles.
This feature comes in handy when the purpose is to brand a website or to have a corporate color theme. It enables a solid style for various UI elements within the website.
It has sufficient options for the addition of mathematical operations for generating the CSS code. It facilitates brisk computation of the prearranged base values such as conversion of pixel values to percentage.
You can begin your SASS journey on Bootstrap using two of the most exciting file: “scss/bootstrap.scss” – the file with access to all components of the framework. The components can be selected either by copying the compulsory commands to personal basis file or by simply jotting down a few files within the file.
Therefore, minimizing the load of codes on the web pages.
The below mentioned @ import directive may be sufficient for importing the entire Bootstrap in the user scss-file.
The filename “scss/_variables.scss” contains variables, by changing their values, you could easily adjust various global styles: colors, indents, shadows, gradients and others.
For example, an expression facilitates is use of gradients:
For instance, such appearance assists the use of gradients:
In Bootstrap, mixins are used for complex generation of all code for custom UI elements.
This Mixins generate an auto code for button in CSS with your custom choice of color.
@include button-variant(#20cece, #000000, #3127be);
In CodeLobster you can easily edit scss files- the syntax of SASS provide full support and also help the system to work efficiently.
A simple command is generated with aid of final file and implemented in the terminal:
sass myCustom.scss myCustom.css
In this technique you do not redefine the styles the style over and over again, you only need the essential constituents and a little CSS file devoid of pointless elements.
If you are new to SASS or haven’t used it but are practical programmer, move to the Bootsrap official website. There are so many options to select or merge in tone files and codes for the components that are needed for your HTML template.
Bootstrap was first created by the Twitter team but after finding huge potential recognition they turned it into an open-source project. Bootstrap was developed, keeping in mind the core concepts of web such as content, compliance, and compatibility of different platforms and browsers.
Bootstrap has solved the problem of all those business community who want to start the project within no time.
Bootstrap framework deals with core concepts of professional HTML, CSS, and JS programming under the hood, for that very reason, it is very much recommended to get down with documentation for properly working with the framework in order to decipher the endless possibilities that Bootstrap has to offer.